The Common dogwood is an ornamental shrub native to Europe and western Asia. Its scientific name is Cornus sanguinea and belongs to Cornaceae family.. It is also known by the common name of false cherry. It lives in moist forests in riparian areas, along river beds in moist and shady. It measures about 3 feet tall. Its flowers are white, hermaphrodite and grow in clusters. The blooms have within four stamens. This medicinal plant has fruits which are red berries, colored rounded and about 5 mm. in diameter. The bark of this tree is colored black. This feature is used to make black ink. It is rich in gallic acid, tannins, essential oils, resins, gums, and whelk. The leaves of this herb are reddish in the beam. The edges of the leaves are whole and dark, being lighter on the part of the underside. With regard to the medicinal properties of this plant is astringent and antipyretic. It should be well informed about this medicinal plant before use, since in high doses can be toxic.
Benefits and harms of dogwood plants
Leaves can cause skin irritation in sensitive persons. The crust is fever-lowering.
Fruits are so horny.
Astrenjan, emetic and antipyretic.
Fruits can be consumed raw or cooked.
The seed obtained from the seed can be consumed when refined.
Seeds can be used in soap making and lighting.
A greenish blue dye is obtained from the fruits.
Young stalks (the stem / body of the plant on the soil) are used in basket making. A high quality charcoal is obtained from the tree.
Recipes for this herb:
Formerly the juice from the twigs of Common dogwood was used as a dental cleaning because it has a protective effect on the gums.