Nettle is a medicinal plant belonging to the genus Urtica.
It is a medicinal plant belonging to the family of Urticaceae.
There are about 30 species of Nettle.
Among the most used for its medicinal properties is the stinging nettle Urtica dioica scientific name, and the lesser nettle, Urtica urens.
The stinging nettle is between 50 and 150 cm. high, and has many properties as a medicinal plant.
The lower Nettle however, measuring about 60 cm, and has fewer properties as a medicinal plant that the stinging nettle. Generally the lower Nettle grows with more.
All species are characterized by stinging hairs, with shapes of tiny blisters, which when touched cause inflammation in the skin, itching and hives.
Nettles are perennial shrubs, rough-looking. The root is rich in tannins, which give it an astringent.
This medicinal plant has a reddish or yellowish stem, erect, branched and hollow in the internodes.
The leaves are oval, rough, pointed, and are up to 15 cm. They have a dark green.
The flowers are yellowish to green, axillary and terminal ready. They are small and grow in clusters.
It flowers from July onwards.
The fruits are dry capsules.
Stinging nettle grows in high elevations.
Nettle generally can search any place inhabited by humans or livestock.
Nettle is an herb that grows in soils rich in nitrogen and humid in pens, in orchards, on roads in the countryside, in the mountain areas.
When gathering the nettle, it should be noted that in winter there were no fresh Nettle.
Care should be taken with stinging hairs of this medicinal plant, cut with gloves and collect the entire Nettle, flowers or just leaves, depending on desire for medicinal purposes. Old leaves should not be used because they are very irritating.
Should be dried in the shade, airy and extended. Once dry the leaves are only saved.
Once dry, the leaves of stinging nettle to be stopped, and can be crushed to store, and consume when preferred.
Nettle is an herb that contains many minerals (iron, calcium, silica, sulfur, potassium, manganese) and vitamins are very beneficial, even people to eat without salt. The medicinal plants nettles are rich in vitamin A and C, iron, salicylic acid and protein.
The pharmacological action of this medicinal plant: diuretic, cleansing, prevent bleeding, antidiabetic, in skin diseases, in leucorrhoea, pectoral, in urticaria, and antirheumatic in sciatica, arthritis, hemostatic, among others.
Recipes from this herb:
Nettle Tea: Place 2 teaspoons of nettle leaf per cup of water, boil 2 minutes, let stand 15 minutes. Then drain.
It recommends taking two cups a day for 4-6 weeks, resting four months and then return to repeat the treatment. You can take cold to hot.
The tea of this herb is indicated for arthritis problems, among others.